Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 81 (2), 179-209

Motivation Concepts in Behavioral Neuroscience

Affiliations
Review

Motivation Concepts in Behavioral Neuroscience

Kent C Berridge. Physiol Behav.

Abstract

Concepts of motivation are vital to progress in behavioral neuroscience. Motivational concepts help us to understand what limbic brain systems are chiefly evolved to do, i.e., to mediate psychological processes that guide real behavior. This article evaluates some major motivation concepts that have historic importance or have influenced the interpretation of behavioral neuroscience research. These concepts include homeostasis, setpoints and settling points, intervening variables, hydraulic drives, drive reduction, appetitive and consummatory behavior, opponent processes, hedonic reactions, incentive motivation, drive centers, dedicated drive neurons (and drive neuropeptides and receptors), neural hierarchies, and new concepts from affective neuroscience such as allostasis, cognitive incentives, and reward 'liking' versus 'wanting'.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 228 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback