Comprehensive proteomic analysis of interphase and mitotic 14-3-3-binding proteins

J Biol Chem. 2004 Jul 30;279(31):32046-54. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M403044200. Epub 2004 May 25.


14-3-3 proteins regulate the cell division cycle and play a pivotal role in blocking cell cycle advancement after activation of the DNA replication and DNA damage checkpoints. Here we describe a global proteomics analysis to identify proteins that bind to 14-3-3s during interphase and mitosis. 14-3-3-binding proteins were purified from extracts of interphase and mitotic HeLa cells using specific peptide elution from 14-3-3 zeta affinity columns. Proteins that specifically bound and eluted from the affinity columns were identified by microcapillary high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis. Several known and novel 14-3-3-interacting proteins were identified in this screen. Identified proteins are involved in cell cycle regulation, signaling, metabolism, protein synthesis, nucleic acid binding, chromatin structure, protein folding, proteolysis, nucleolar function, and nuclear transport as well as several other cellular processes. In some cases 14-3-3 binding was cell cycle-dependent, whereas in other cases the binding was shown to be cell cycle-independent. This study adds to the growing list of human 14-3-3-binding proteins and implicates a role for 14-3-3 proteins in a plethora of essential biological processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Separation
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Chromatography
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA Damage
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Interphase*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Mitosis*
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Folding
  • Proteome*
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Transfection
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / chemistry*


  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Chromatin
  • Peptides
  • Proteome
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • DNA
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
  • Glutathione Transferase