Pneumonia due to Cryptococcus neoformans in a patient receiving infliximab: possible zoonotic transmission from a pet cockatiel

Respir Care. 2004 Jun;49(6):606-8.

Abstract

The use of humanized antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may increase the risk of various opportunistic infections, including tuberculosis and fungal infections. We report a case of cryptococcal pneumonia in a patient who was taking infliximab for rheumatoid arthritis. A temporally related exposure history raised the possibility that our patient acquired the infection from his pet cockatiel. It seems prudent to advise patients receiving infliximab to avoid exposure to pet avian excreta.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic / microbiology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects*
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy*
  • Cryptococcosis / drug therapy
  • Cryptococcosis / immunology*
  • Cryptococcosis / transmission
  • Fluconazole / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host*
  • Infliximab
  • Male
  • Pneumonia / diagnosis
  • Pneumonia / immunology
  • Pneumonia / microbiology*
  • Pneumonia / therapy
  • Psittaciformes / microbiology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Zoonoses / transmission

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antifungal Agents
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Fluconazole
  • Infliximab