ACE2: from vasopeptidase to SARS virus receptor

Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2004 Jun;25(6):291-4. doi: 10.1016/j.tips.2004.04.001.

Abstract

The zinc metallopeptidase angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the only known human homologue of the key regulator of blood pressure angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Since its discovery in 2000, ACE2 has been implicated in heart function, hypertension and diabetes, with its effects being mediated, in part, through its ability to convert angiotensin II to angiotensin-(1-7). Unexpectedly, ACE2 also serves as the cellular entry point for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus and the enzyme is therefore a prime target for pharmacological intervention on several disease fronts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Vessels / metabolism
  • Blood Vessels / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Isoenzymes / physiology*
  • Peptide Hormones / metabolism
  • Peptide Hormones / physiology*
  • Peptide Hydrolases / physiology*
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / genetics
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / physiology*
  • Receptors, Virus / genetics*
  • SARS Virus / genetics*

Substances

  • Isoenzymes
  • Peptide Hormones
  • Receptors, Virus
  • Peptide Hydrolases
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A