Collective excitations of a degenerate gas at the BEC-BCS crossover

Phys Rev Lett. 2004 May 21;92(20):203201. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.203201. Epub 2004 May 19.

Abstract

We study collective excitation modes of a fermionic gas of (6)Li atoms in the BEC-BCS crossover regime. While measurements of the axial compression mode in the cigar-shaped trap close to a Feshbach resonance confirm theoretical expectations, the radial compression mode shows surprising features. In the strongly interacting molecular BEC regime, we observe a negative frequency shift with increasing coupling strength. In the regime of a strongly interacting Fermi gas, an abrupt change in the collective excitation frequency occurs, which may be a signature for a transition from a superfluid to a collisionless phase.