Continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) using adiabatic inversion is a widely used approach for perfusion imaging. For the quantification of perfusion, a reliable determination of the labeling efficiency is required. A numerical method for predicting the labeling efficiency in CASL experiments under various experimental conditions, including spin relaxation, is demonstrated. The approach is especially useful in the case of labeling at the carotid artery with a surface coil, as consideration of the experimental or theoretical profile of the B(1) field is straightforward. Other effects that are also accounted for include deviations from a constant labeling gradient, and variations in the blood flow velocity due to the cardiac cycle. Assuming relevant experimental and physiological conditions, maximum inversion efficiencies of about 85% can be obtained.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.