The enigma of Lenin's (1870-1924) malady

Eur J Neurol. 2004 Jun;11(6):371-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2004.00839.x.


The health of heads of states is not always handled in the same way as an incapacitating disability in ordinary professionals. Instead of suspension of responsibilities, the health status of political leaders is concealed, especially when the illness is perceived as stigmatizing, such as organic mental impairment or sexual disorder. The objective of the present paper is to analyse the malady of Lenin (1870-1924) in the light of relevant and new medical information. It is hoped that this will accentuate the need for transparency when the health of a statesman is concerned.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Autopsy / history
  • Famous Persons*
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / complications
  • Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / history
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / etiology
  • Mental Disorders / history*
  • Neurosyphilis / complications
  • Neurosyphilis / history
  • Russia

Personal name as subject

  • Vladimir Il'yich Lenin