Background: A gender-independent stress normal database and criteria for abnormality for attenuation-corrected rest-stress technetium 99m sestamibi same-day myocardial perfusion imaging were developed by evaluation of 112 patients, validated against an obese population of 95 patients from four different clinical sites, and compared with conventional gender-matched database quantification of non-attenuation-corrected studies.
Methods and results: These 95 validation patients (63 men) were used for prospective quantitative evaluation (mean weight, 213 +/- 57 lb; mean body mass index, 32 +/- 9 kg/m(2)). This group included 21 patients (12 men) with a lower than 5% likelihood of coronary artery disease (mean weight, 226 +/- 72 lb; mean body mass index, 34 +/- 13 kg/m(2)) and 74 who underwent cardiac catheterization within 2 months (35 with normal coronaries or coronary lesions <70%). These studies were processed twice, once by use of conventional reconstruction and gender-specific database quantification and a second time by use of attenuation correction and a single gender-independent attenuation-corrected normal database. The attenuation-corrected normal database and criteria for abnormality were developed by evaluation of 48 and 78 patients, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found when comparing attenuation-corrected perfusion distributions of normal men and women, whereas significant differences were found in the same uncorrected studies. Compared with quantitative analysis of the uncorrected studies, quantitative analysis of the attenuation-corrected studies by use of a gender-independent normal database demonstrated a significant improvement in normalcy rate (90% vs 52%, P =.006) and specificity (57% vs 29%, P =.015) in this obese population at no significant loss in sensitivity (90% vs 97%, P = not significant).
Conclusion: Attenuation-corrected studies can be quantified with a single gender-independent normal database and a single criterion for abnormality without loss of sensitivity and with significantly better specificity and normalcy rate.