This paper presents for the first time laboratory results demonstrating electrodialytic removal of Cd from wastewater sludge, which is a method originally developed for soil remediation. During the remediation a stirred suspension of wastewater sludge was exposed to an electric dc field. The liquid/solid (ml/g fresh sludge) ratio was between 1.4 and 2. Three experiments were performed where the sludge was suspended in distilled water, citric acid or HNO3. The experimental conditions were otherwise identical. The Cd removal in the three experiments was 69, 70 and 67%, respectively, thus the removal was approximately the same. Chemical extraction experiments with acidic solutions showed that 5-10 times more Cd could be extracted from decomposed sludge than from fresh sludge. It is likely that the mobilization of Cd during decomposition of the sludge contributes to the efficient removal of Cd by the electrodialytic method. Extraction experiments and electrodialytic remediation using distilled water as enhancement agent showed that 0.3% Cd could be extracted from decomposed sludge during 1 week in closed flasks, whereas 69% was removed during 2 weeks of electrodialytic remediation in a stirred solution in contact with atmospheric air. A combination of aerobic decomposition and electrodialytic treatment could be a promising method for Cd removal from wastewater sludge, and thus Cd could be removed without the addition of chemicals to the sludge.
Copyright 2003 Elsevier B.V.