Mucolipin-1 is a 65-kDa membrane protein encoded by the MCOLN1 gene, which is mutated in patients with mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV), a rare neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder. We studied the subcellular localization of wild-type and three different mutant forms (T232P, F408del and F465L) of mucolipin by expressing Myc-tagged proteins in HeLa cells. The overexpressed wild-type mucolipin colocalizes to late endocytic structures and induces an aberrant distribution of these compartments. F408del and F465L MLIV mutant proteins show a distribution similar to the wild-type protein, whereas T232P is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum. Among the mutants, only F408del induces a redistribution of the late endocytic compartment. These findings suggest that the overexpression of the mucolipin cation channel influences the dynamic equilibrium of late endocytic compartments.