Statics and dynamics of malaria infection in Anopheles mosquitoes

Malar J. 2004 Jun 4;3:13. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-3-13.

Abstract

The classic formulae in malaria epidemiology are reviewed that relate entomological parameters to malaria transmission, including mosquito survivorship and age-at-infection, the stability index (S), the human blood index (HBI), proportion of infected mosquitoes, the sporozoite rate, the entomological inoculation rate (EIR), vectorial capacity (C) and the basic reproductive number (R0). The synthesis emphasizes the relationships among classic formulae and reformulates a simple dynamic model for the proportion of infected humans. The classic formulae are related to formulae from cyclical feeding models, and some inconsistencies are noted. The classic formulae are used to to illustrate how malaria control reduces malaria transmission and show that increased mosquito mortality has an effect even larger than was proposed by Macdonald in the 1950's.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles / parasitology*
  • Anopheles / physiology
  • Humans
  • Insect Vectors / parasitology*
  • Insect Vectors / physiology
  • Malaria / epidemiology
  • Malaria / prevention & control
  • Malaria / transmission*
  • Models, Biological*