The most common nonrandom translocation found among childhood pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) is t(1;19)(q23;p13), which frequently results in fusion of E2A with PBX1. However, rare cases of childhood ALL and various other hematological diseases with t(1;19) lack the E2A-PBX1 fusion. Analyzing a cell line with pre-B-cell phenotype, TS-2, that carries t(1;19)(q23;p13) but lacks the E2A-PBX1 fusion, we successfully cloned the breakpoints, which fell within introns of MEF2D and DAZAP1. Both chimeric transcripts, MEF2D-DAZAP1 and DAZAP1-MEF2D, whose sequences indicated in-frame fusions between MEF2D and DAZAP1, were expressed in TS-2 cells and in bone-marrow cells of the patient from whom the TS-2 was established. MEF2D-DAZAP1 and DAZAP1-MEF2D proteins were both located in the nucleus, and MEF2D-DAZAP1 was able to form dimers with MEF2D and HDAC4. In addition, exogenous expression of MEF2D-DAZAP1 and DAZAP1-MEF2D promoted the growth of HeLa cells. Given the frequency of t(1;19) without the E2A-PBX1 fusion in hematological malignancies, we suggest that MEF2D / DAZAP1 rearrangements might be involved in the pathogenesis of those diseases.