Drosophila Scribble is implicated in the development of normal synapse structure and epithelial tissues, but it remains unclear how it plays a role and which process it controls. The mammalian homolog of Scribble, hScrib, has a primary structure and subcellular localization similar to that of its fly homolog, but its function remains unknown. Here we have used tandem mass spectrometry to identify major components of the hScrib network. We show that it includes betaPIX (also called Cool-1), a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), and its partner GIT1 (also called p95-APP1), a GTPase activating protein (GAP). betaPIX directly binds to the hScrib PDZ domains, and the hScrib/betaPIX complex is efficiently recovered in epithelial and neuronal cells and tissues. In cerebellar granule cell cultures, hScrib and betaPIX are both partially localized at neuronal presynaptic compartments. Furthermore, we show that hScrib is required to anchor betaPIX at the cell cortex and that dominant-negative betaPIX or hScrib proteins can each inhibit Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in neuroendocrine PC12 cells, demonstrating a functional relationship between these proteins. These data reveal the existence of a tight hScrib/betaPIX interaction and suggest that this complex potentially plays a role in neuronal transmission.
Copyright 2004 Elsevier Ltd.