Mini review of high altitude health problems in Ladakh

Biomed Pharmacother. 2004 May;58(4):220-5. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2004.02.003.

Abstract

Ladakh is a sparsely populated area of Indian Himalaya lying at 3-4500 m altitude mainly consisting of arid desert. This paper will discuss high altitude health problems in Ladakh under the following headings. 1. Acute altitude illness: acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE). 2. Effects of prolonged and permanent exposure to high altitude: (subacute and chronic mountain sickness). 3. Environmental dust and domestic fire pollution resulting in non-occupational pneumoconiosis and high prevalence of respiratory morbidity.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Air Pollution / adverse effects
  • Altitude Sickness / complications
  • Altitude Sickness / epidemiology*
  • Brain Edema / complications
  • Brain Edema / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Chronic Disease
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Fires
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Pneumoconiosis / epidemiology
  • Pneumoconiosis / etiology
  • Pulmonary Edema / complications
  • Pulmonary Edema / epidemiology*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic