Presurgical octreotide treatment in acromegaly

Metabolism. 1992 Sep;41(9 Suppl 2):51-8. doi: 10.1016/0026-0495(92)90031-5.


The aim of this study was to determine the role of octreotide administration in acromegalic patients as a preparation for selective adenomectomy using transsphenoidal route. Octreotide was administered for 3 to 6 weeks before surgery in 12 patients and for 4 to 39 months in 25 patients. The clinical response was judged as excellent or good in 10 of 12 patients from group I and in 23 of 25 patients from group II. Marked reduction (ie, greater than 50% of initial values) in serum growth hormone (GH) levels was seen in all patients, with levels to less than 5 micrograms/L in 68% of patients and less than 2 micrograms/L in 27%. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels decreased to within normal limits in half the cases. During long-term treatment, an escape phenomenon could be seen. Varying degrees of tumor shrinkage were seen in more than 50% of cases. During surgery, with regard to the relative ease or difficulty in removing the tumor, the consistency of the tumor and the separation of normal from pathological tissue, no significant difference was observed between patients given octreotide and those from control series. Morphological changes in adenomatous tissue were rather small. The surgical outcome was similar in the pretreated series as in the control series, except in enclosed adenomas, which showed a tendency to a higher success rate. Since octreotide improves both the clinical condition and hormonal parameters and induces varying degrees of tumor shrinkage, it is potentially useful as an adjunct to surgery. Morphological data suggest that octreotide exercises a functional inhibitory effect on GH release.

MeSH terms

  • Acromegaly / drug therapy*
  • Acromegaly / metabolism
  • Acromegaly / pathology
  • Acromegaly / surgery*
  • Adenoma / metabolism
  • Adenoma / pathology
  • Adenoma / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Octreotide / administration & dosage
  • Octreotide / therapeutic use*
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • Growth Hormone
  • Octreotide