Abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging seen acutely following mild traumatic brain injury: correlation with neuropsychological tests and delayed recovery

Neuroradiology. 2004 Jul;46(7):550-8. doi: 10.1007/s00234-004-1227-x. Epub 2004 Jun 8.


Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is a common reason for hospital attendance and is associated with significant delayed morbidity. We studied a series of 80 persons with MTBI. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychological testing were used in the acute phase and a questionnaire for post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and return to work status at 6 months. In 26 subjects abnormalities were seen on MRI, of which 5 were definitely traumatic. There was weak correlation with abnormal neuropsychological tests for attention in the acute period. There was no significant correlation with a questionnaire for PCS and return to work status. Although non-specific abnormalities are frequently seen, standard MRI techniques are not helpful in identifying patients with MTBI who are likely to have delayed recovery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Injuries / pathology*
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Recovery of Function
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors