Association of cigarette smoking with the risk of ovarian cancer

Int J Cancer. 2004 Aug 10;111(1):124-30. doi: 10.1002/ijc.20242.

Abstract

Cigarette smoking may be associated with ovarian cancer risk. This association may differ by histological type. The authors conducted a population-based case-control study in Canada of 442 incident cases of ovarian cancer and 2,135 controls 20-76 years of age during 1994-1997 to examine this association, overall and by histological type. Compared to women who never smoked, those who smoked had higher odds (odds ratio [OR] = 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.98-1.53) of having ovarian cancer, and the OR was larger for ex-smokers (1.30; 95% CI = 1.01-1.67) than for current smokers (1.10; 95% CI = 0.81-1.49). The association with cigarette smoking was stronger for mucinous tumors (OR = 1.77; 95% CI = 1.06-2.96) than for nonmucinous tumors (OR = 1.13; 95% CI = 0.89-1.44). In addition, the odds of smokers having mucinous tumors increased with years of smoking (OR = 1.36, 1.88, 1.19, 4.89 for <20, 21-30, 31-40 and >40 years, respectively; p for trend = 0.002), number of cigarettes smoked per day (OR = 1.55, 1.89, 2.28 for <10, 11-20 and >20 cigarettes/day, respectively; p for trend = 0.014) and smoking pack-years (OR = 1.13, 2.65, 1.77 and 2.39 for <10, 11-20, 21-30 and >30 pack-years, respectively; p for trend = 0.004). Our data suggest that cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, especially for mucinous types.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology*
  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects*