Transcatheter treatment of pulmonary outflow tract obstruction: a review

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. Sep-Oct 1992;35(2):119-58. doi: 10.1016/0033-0620(92)90003-i.


The role of transcatheter methods in the management of pulmonary outflow tract obstruction are discussed in this review. Balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty for relief of isolated pulmonary valve stenosis has been successfully used by many investigators and is the procedure of choice for the management of these lesions. Supravalvar pulmonic stenosis, if discrete, can be relieved by balloon dilatation. Cyanotic children with interatrial right-to-left shunts secondary to severe valvar pulmonary stenosis respond in a manner similar to that observed with isolated pulmonary valve stenosis. In these patients, balloon valvuloplasty is the treatment of choice and may be corrective in most patients. In patients with interventricular right-to-left shunting secondary to pulmonary outflow tract obstruction and in patients with narrowed BT shunts, balloon dilatation may be an effective palliative procedure in a substantial proportion of patients obviating the need for an initial or second palliative shunt. Balloon dilatation is recommended if the patient's size or cardiac anatomy make them unsuitable for safe total surgical correction. In patients with pulmonary atresia, either initial opening of the atretic pulmonary valve by laser or by surgery with subsequent balloon dilatation are potentially beneficial in reducing the total number of surgical procedures that these children are likely to require. However, further clinical trials are needed before their general use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anastomosis, Surgical
  • Catheterization / adverse effects
  • Catheterization / methods*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / complications
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pulmonary Artery / abnormalities
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / complications
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / therapy*