The recent availability of the pseudochromosome sequences of rice allows for the first time the investigation of the extent of intra-genomic duplications on a large scale in this agronomically important species. Using a dot-matrix plotter as a tool to display pairwise comparisons of ordered predicted coding sequences along rice pseudochromosomes, we found that the rice genome contains extensive chromosomal duplications accounting for 53% of the available sequences. The size of duplicated blocks is considerably larger than previously reported. In the rice genome, a duplicated block size of >1 Mb appears to be the rule and not the exception. Comparative mapping has shown high genetic colinearity among chromosomes of cereals, promoting rice as a model for studying grass genomes. Further comparative genome analysis should allow the study of the conservation and evolution of these duplication events in other important cereals such as rye, barley, and wheat.