Protein N-terminal methionine excision

Cell Mol Life Sci. 2004 Jun;61(12):1455-74. doi: 10.1007/s00018-004-3466-8.

Abstract

N-terminal methionine excision (NME) is the major proteolytic pathway responsible for the diversity of N-terminal amino acids in proteins. Dedicated NME components have been identified in all organisms, in all compartments in which protein synthesis occurs: cytoplasm, plastids and mitochondria. Recent studies have revealed that NME is regulated at various levels and plays an important role in controlling protein turnover. NME is essential in Eubacteria and lower eukaryotes and is the target of many natural and synthetic inhibitors. Such inhibitors have considerable potential for use in the treatment of various human diseases, from cancer to bacterial and parasitic infections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amidohydrolases / chemistry*
  • Aminopeptidases / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Cations
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Metalloproteases / metabolism
  • Methionine / chemistry*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Models, Chemical
  • Phylogeny
  • Plastids / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proteome / chemistry

Substances

  • Cations
  • Proteins
  • Proteome
  • Methionine
  • Metalloproteases
  • Aminopeptidases
  • Amidohydrolases
  • peptide deformylase