Minimally invasive implantation of epidural spinal cord neurostimulator electrodes by using a tubular retractor system. Technical note

J Neurosurg. 2004 Jun;100(6):1119-21. doi: 10.3171/jns.2004.100.6.1119.


The authors describe a novel technique for the implantation of multipolar epidural spinal cord neurostimulator electrodes with the aid of a tubular retractor system. Spinal cord neurostimulation is used as a neuroaugmentive tool for treating chronic intractable pain syndromes. Minimally invasive placement of the multipolar neurostimulator electrodes may allow for shorter hospital stays and less postoperative pain associated with the incision.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods*
  • Electrodes
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Pain Management
  • Spinal Cord / physiology*