Economics and preventing hospital-acquired infection

Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Apr;10(4):561-6. doi: 10.3201/eid1004.020754.


The economics of preventing hospital-acquired infections is most often described in general terms. The underlying concepts and mechanisms are rarely made explicit but should be understood for research and policy-making. We define the key economic concepts and specify an illustrative model that uses hypothetical data to identify how two related questions might be addressed: 1) how much should be invested for infection control, and 2) what are the most appropriate infection-control programs? We aim to make explicit the economics of preventing hospital-acquired infections.

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Cross Infection / economics*
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Humans