Five rhesus monkey eyes underwent repeated argon fluoride (193 nm) excimer laser myopic photorefractive keratectomy 3 months following an initial ablation that had produced mild subepithelial haze. At 3 months all eyes had development of a dense subepithelial opacity and a thickened epithelium (12 cells, 80 microns) with vacuolization of basal cells, fragmented basement membrane, and a layer of subepithelial fibrosis containing activated fibroblasts. By 6 months the opacity was clearing; epithelium was thinner (50 microns); subepithelial fibrosis was more lamellar. By 15 months only mild haze persisted clinically; epithelium was 30 microns thick, with persistent basal vacuolization and focal basement membrane disruption; subepithelial fibrous tissue was more organized. Early repeated excimer laser ablation of the monkey cornea apparently induces vigorous stromal wound healing. Use of shallower ablations, corticosteroids, or a longer delay between ablations may be necessary for repeated laser surgery to be practical clinically.