Socioeconomic and demographic differences in exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at work: the Scania Public Health Survey 2000

Scand J Public Health. 2004;32(3):194-202. doi: 10.1080/14034940310018183.


Background: A study was undertaken to investigate the sociodemographic distribution of workplace exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in a Swedish working population sample.

Methods: 8,270 individuals were assessed by questionnaire in the Scania Public Health Survey. The influence of sociodemographic factors on ETS exposure at work was investigated by multivariable regression analysis.

Results: Individuals under 25 years old were at highest risk of ETS exposure. Male skilled manual workers and female unskilled manual workers had higher adjusted odds ratios (OR 4.0, 95% CI: 3.1-5.3 and OR 3.2, 95% CI: 2.2-4.7, respectively) of ETS exposure than non-manual high-level employees.

Conclusions: ETS should be recognized as a factor contributing to health inequalities. Women of childbearing age need protective strategies.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Demography
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupations / classification
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Sex Distribution
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Social Class
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / statistics & numerical data*
  • Workplace*


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution