Child mortality in India: the community-level effect of education

Popul Stud (Camb). 2004;58(2):177-92. doi: 10.1080/0032472042000213721.


When assessing the health benefits of increased education in less developed countries, many researchers have been concerned about the omission of important determinants of an individual's education from the models. The study presented here shows that one should also be concerned about the limitations of the individual-level perspective. According to a multilevel discrete-time hazard model estimated with data from the National Family Health Survey II, the average education of women in a census enumeration area has a strong impact on child mortality, in addition to the effect of the mother's own education. The lower child mortality associated with women's autonomy is taken into account in this estimation. Results from similar models for various health and health-care variables suggest that the effect of community education, like that of individual education, operates through the use of maternity services and other preventive health services, the child's nutrition, and the mother's care for a sick child.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Mortality*
  • Education*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Mothers
  • Personal Autonomy
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Environment*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sociometric Techniques