[An autopsy case of Fahr disease (infantile form)]

No To Hattatsu. 1992 Jul;24(4):358-63.
[Article in Japanese]


A 13-year-old girl with Fahr disease (infantile form) was reported. Her parents were consanguineous. Her elder sister had mental retardation and spasticity of the lower limbs, and died at 23 years of age. The patient suffered from infantile spasms at 3 month. She was bed-ridden, nonverbal, microcephalic and blind. Cranial CT revealed massive calcifications in the basal ganglia, periventricular white matter, dentate nucleus and cerebellar white matter. EEG showed a suppression-burst pattern. At 13 years, she died of pneumonia and hyperammonemia. Microscopic examination of brain showed perivascular non-arteriosclerotic ferro-calcinosis. The periventricular granules are 1-4 mu or 12 mu in diameter. This pathological change was observed only in the central nervous system above midbrain. No calcifications were found in the pituitary and the vessels of pia mater. Also a reduced ornithine transcarbamylase activity was found in the liver, which was probably not related with cerebral calcifications. Infantile form of Fahr disease is rare and may be heterogeneous in etiology. However, clinical manifestations and pathological findings were similar to those in previous reports of Fahr disease in childhood. It is one of the disorders causing infantile spasms.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Basal Ganglia Diseases / diagnosis
  • Basal Ganglia Diseases / genetics
  • Basal Ganglia Diseases / pathology*
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Calcinosis / diagnosis
  • Calcinosis / genetics
  • Calcinosis / pathology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase Deficiency Disease
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed