Characterization of protein release from photocrosslinkable hyaluronic acid-polyethylene glycol hydrogel tissue engineering scaffolds

Biomaterials. 2005 Jan;26(2):125-35. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.02.018.


The goal of this work was to utilize the naturally derived bioactive polymer hyaluronic acid (HA) to create a combination tissue engineering scaffold and protein delivery device. HA is a non-immunogenic, non-adhesive glycosaminoglycan that plays significant roles in several cellular processes, including angiogenesis and the regulation of inflammation. In previous work, we created photopolymerizable glycidyl methacrylate-hyaluronic acid (GMHA) hydrogels that had controlled degradation rates, were cytocompatible, and were able to be modified with peptide moieties. In the present studies, we characterized the release of a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), from GMHA and GMHA-polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels. Although BSA could be released rapidly (> 60% within 6 h) from 1% GMHA hydrogels, we found that increasing either the GMHA or the PEG concentrations could lengthen the duration of protein delivery. Preliminary size exclusion chromatography studies indicated that the released BSA was almost entirely in its native monomeric form. Lastly, protein release was extended to several weeks by suspending BSA-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres within the hydrogel bulk. These initial studies indicate that the naturally derived biopolymer HA can be employed to design novel photopolymerizable composites that are suitable for delivering stable proteins from scaffolding in tissue engineering applications.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible / chemistry
  • Cross-Linking Reagents / chemistry
  • Cross-Linking Reagents / radiation effects
  • Diffusion
  • Drug Carriers / chemistry*
  • Drug Implants / chemistry*
  • Epoxy Compounds / chemistry
  • Epoxy Compounds / radiation effects
  • Hyaluronic Acid / chemistry*
  • Hydrogels / chemistry*
  • Light
  • Materials Testing
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Methacrylates / chemistry
  • Methacrylates / radiation effects
  • Microspheres
  • Particle Size
  • Photochemistry / methods
  • Polyethylene Glycols / chemistry*
  • Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / administration & dosage*
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*


  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Drug Carriers
  • Drug Implants
  • Epoxy Compounds
  • Hydrogels
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Methacrylates
  • Proteins
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • glycidyl methacrylate