Distribution of practice and metacognition in learning and long-term retention of a discrete motor task

Res Q Exerc Sport. 2004 Jun;75(2):148-55. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2004.10609146.

Abstract

This study examined judgments of learning and the long-term retention of a discrete motor task (golf putting) as a function of practice distribution. The results indicated that participants in the distributed practice group performed more proficiently than those in the massed practice group during both acquisition and retention phases. No significant differences in retention performance were found as a function of three retention intervals (1, 7, and 28 days). Echoing actual acquisition scores, participants in the distributed practice group predicted more proficient retention performance than did those in the massed practice group. Although all participants predicted more proficient performance than was actually achieved, the difference between predicted and actual performance failed to reach significance.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cognition*
  • Golf
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Memory*
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Task Performance and Analysis*
  • United States