Impact of Sjögren's syndrome on oral health-related quality of life in southern Chinese

J Oral Rehabil. 2004 Jul;31(7):653-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2004.01384.x.


The effect of oral symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) on health-related quality of life is presently uncertain. This study aimed to investigate oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) among southern Chinese people with SS. Twenty-six primary SS cases, 25 secondary cases and 29 matched controls took part in this cross-sectional study. Each participant completed a SF-36 questionnaire, the Oral Health Impact Profile and a dry mouth measure, assisted by a trained interviewer. Data on socio-demographic variables were also collected. The dry mouth measure revealed that people with primary and secondary SS had significant problems associated with subjective symptoms of dry mouth generally, and dry mouth when eating and speaking (P < 0.01). Sticky saliva and coughing were also problems in some primary SS cases. OHIP summary and sub-scale scores did not reveal differences in negative impacts between groups. Mean SF-36 sub-scale scores were significantly different between groups (P < 0.05). In physical function, role-physical and general health domains, primary and secondary SS sufferers had lower scores indicating poorer health. Oral symptoms of SS, notably xerostomia, had a negative effect on OHRQOL. Health-related quality of life in general was also impaired in SS sufferers. The OHIP did not appear to discriminate oral problems of concern to SS sufferers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oral Health*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / psychology
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / rehabilitation*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Xerostomia / etiology
  • Xerostomia / rehabilitation