Endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts in children

J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Jul;39(7):1062-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2004.03.071.


Background/purpose: Symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts have traditionally been managed with surgical, percutaneous, and, more recently, endoscopic drainage. Although the role of the latter is well defined in the adult population, its utility in children needs to be clarified. The authors reviewed their experience with endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocyst (EDPP).

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted, and relevant demographic and clinical data were obtained for all patients with pancreatic pseudocysts managed with endoscopic drainage in the period from 1997 through 2001, inclusive.

Results: Three children had successful endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts. They were 9, 13, and 14 years old, and were all boys. The etiology of the pancreatitis was idiopathic related to anomalous pancreatic divisum ducts in the first 2 and azathioprine induced in the latter. The first 2 patients had endoscopic transpapillary drainage, whereas the third had an endoscopic cystduodenostomy. All patients had complete resolution of the pseudocyst clinically and radiologically after follow-up periods of 3, 31, and 21 months, respectively. The first needed a subsequent pancreaticojejunostomy for persistent symptoms related to chronic pancreatitis. A successful endoscopic drainage of a posttraumatic pancreatic pseudocyst has previously been reported from our institution.

Conclusions: This experience would indicate that endoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocyst is an effective and relatively safe option of managing this problem in children.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Pain / etiology
  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Drainage / methods*
  • Humans
  • Jaundice / etiology
  • Male
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / complications
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / diagnosis
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / therapy*
  • Pancreatitis / complications
  • Pleural Effusion / etiology
  • Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic*
  • Stents