GDAP: a web tool for genome-wide protein disulfide bond prediction

Nucleic Acids Res. 2004 Jul 1;32(Web Server issue):W360-4. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkh376.


The Genomic Disulfide Analysis Program (GDAP) provides web access to computationally predicted protein disulfide bonds for over one hundred microbial genomes, including both bacterial and achaeal species. In the GDAP process, sequences of unknown structure are mapped, when possible, to known homologous Protein Data Bank (PDB) structures, after which specific distance criteria are applied to predict disulfide bonds. GDAP also accepts user-supplied protein sequences and subsequently queries the PDB sequence database for the best matches, scans for possible disulfide bonds and returns the results to the client. These predictions are useful for a variety of applications and have previously been used to show a dramatic preference in certain thermophilic archaea and bacteria for disulfide bonds within intracellular proteins. Given the central role these stabilizing, covalent bonds play in such organisms, the predictions available from GDAP provide a rich data source for designing site-directed mutants with more stable thermal profiles. The GDAP web application is a gateway to this information and can be used to understand the role disulfide bonds play in protein stability both in these unusual organisms and in sequences of interest to the individual researcher. The prediction server can be accessed at

MeSH terms

  • Archaeal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry*
  • Cysteine / analysis*
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Disulfides / analysis*
  • Genome, Archaeal
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Internet
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein
  • Software*


  • Archaeal Proteins
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Disulfides
  • Cysteine