Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content

Int J Sports Med. 1992 May;13(4):285-92. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1021268.


This investigation evaluated the effects of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate (CHO) content on fluid replacement following exercise/thermal dehydration. On four occasions separated by at least 7 days, eight healthy men cycled at 50% of VO2max in a hot environmental chamber (40 degrees C, 40% relative humidity) until a weight loss of 4.12 +/- 0.22% was attained. In the subsequent four hours, subjects ingested one of four solutions at 15-min intervals. The total volume ingested equalled that lost during dehydration. The solutions were administered in randomized order and varied in their carbonation and carbohydrate (CHO) content: 1. CK: carbonated 10% glucose-fructose solution, 2. NCK: non-carbonated 10% glucose-fructose solution, 3. CNK: carbonated non-caloric solution, and 4. NCNK: non-carbonated non-caloric solution. Plasma volume changes, total plasma protein concentration, plasma osmolality, and the plasma glucose concentration were determined at rest before and after dehydration, and at 30, 90, 150, and 240 min of recovery. Plasma volume changes and the plasma protein concentration were not different (p greater than 0.05) between treatments. Values for the plasma glucose concentration and the change in plasma osmolality were significantly elevated when CHO beverages were ingested when compared with non-CHO beverage ingestion. Five-min cycling bouts were performed at 70% of VO2max before and after dehydration and at 60, 120, 180, and 240 min of rehydration. The respiratory exchange ratio was elevated in both of the CHO treatments when compared with both of the non-CHO treatments at 60, 120, 180 and 240 min of rehydration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Temperature
  • Carbonated Beverages*
  • Dehydration / therapy*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Exercise Test
  • Fluid Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Physical Exertion
  • Random Allocation


  • Dietary Carbohydrates