Group IB secretory phospholipase A2 promotes matrix metalloproteinase-2-mediated cell migration via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Akt pathway

J Biol Chem. 2004 Aug 27;279(35):36579-85. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M314235200. Epub 2004 Jun 25.


Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), abundantly expressed in various cells including fibroblasts, is able to promote proliferation and migration. Degradation of collagenous extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) plays a role in the pathogenesis of various destructive disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. Here we show that group IB PLA(2) increased pro-MMP-2 activation in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. MMP-2 activity was stimulated by group IB PLA(2) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Consistent with MMP-2 activation, sPLA(2) decreased expression of type IV collagen. These effects are due to the reduction of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and the activation of the membrane type1-MMP (MT1-MMP). The decrease of TIMP-2 levels in conditioned media and the increase of MT1-MMP levels in plasma membrane were observed. In addition, treatment of cells with decanoyl Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethyl ketone, an inhibitor of pro-MT1-MMP, suppressed sPLA(2)-mediated MMP-2 activation, whereas treatment with bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of H(+)-ATPase, sustained MMP-2 activation by sPLA(2). The involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt in the regulation of MMP-2 activity was further suggested by the findings that PI3K and Akt were phosphorylated by sPLA(2). Expression of p85alpha and Akt mutants, or pretreatment of cells with LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, attenuated sPLA(2)-induced MMP-2 activation and migration. Taken together, these results suggest that sPLA(2) increases the pro-MMP-2 activation and migration of fibroblasts via the PI3K and Akt-dependent pathway. Because MMP-2 is an important factor directly involved in the control of cell migration and the turnover of extracellular matrix, our study may provide a mechanism for sPLA(2)-promoted fibroblasts migration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Movement
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Group IB Phospholipases A2
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System
  • Macrolides / pharmacology
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated
  • Metalloendopeptidases / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism*
  • Phospholipases A / metabolism
  • Phospholipases A / physiology*
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 / metabolism
  • Transfection


  • Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Macrolides
  • Mmp14 protein, mouse
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
  • bafilomycin A1
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Phospholipases A
  • Group IB Phospholipases A2
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Pla2g1b protein, mouse
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14