The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in women of childbearing age leads to an increasing number of pregnant women with type 2 diabetes. Pregnancy complicated by type 2 diabetes is a high-risk pregnancy, associated with birth defects and high perinatal mortality to the same extent as in type 1 diabetes. Until now, most attention was directed toward women with type 1 diabetes. Recent data stresses the urgent need to develop better screening and efficient care strategies in women with type 2 diabetes, who also display many risk factors for adverse fetal outcome. Family physicians, diabetologists and gynaecologists must be aware of this growing concern. Improvement of pregnancy planning, adequate metabolic control from conception to delivery and a multi-disciplinary team approach to care should improve fetal and maternal outcomes. Furthermore, diabetes screening in high-risk women prior to pregnancy is warranted.