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Evaluation of Olyset Insecticide-Treated Nets Distributed Seven Years Previously in Tanzania

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Evaluation of Olyset Insecticide-Treated Nets Distributed Seven Years Previously in Tanzania

Adriana Tami et al. Malar J.

Abstract

Background: Insecticide-treated nets represent currently a key malaria control strategy, but low insecticide re-treatment rates remain problematic. Olyset nets are currently one of two long-lasting insecticidal nets recommended by WHO. An assessment was carried out of the effect of Olyset nets after seven years of use in rural Tanzania.

Methods: A survey of Olyset nets was conducted in two Tanzanian villages to examine their insecticide dosage, bioassay efficacy and desirability compared with ordinary polyester nets.

Results: Of 103 randomly selected nets distributed in 1994 to 1995, 100 could be traced. Most nets were in a condition likely to offer protection against mosquito biting. Villagers appreciated mainly the durability of Olyset trade mark nets and insecticide persistence. People disliked the small size of these nets and the light blue colour and preferred a smaller mesh size, features that can easily be modified. At equal price, 51% said they would prefer to buy an Olyset net and 49% opted for an ordinary polyester net. The average permethrin content was 33%-41% of the initial insecticide dose of 20,000 mg/Kg. Bioassay results indicated high knock-down rates at 60 minutes, but the mosquito mortality after 24 hours was rather low (mean: 34%). No significant correlation was found between bioassay results and insecticide concentration in and on the net.

Conclusions: Olyset nets are popular, durable and with a much longer insecticide persistence than ordinary polyester nets. Hence, Olyset nets are one of the best choices for ITN programmes in rural malaria-endemic areas.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Olyset™ net used at home, Mvumi Mission village, Tanzania. Note the colour change of the net from light blue to a greyish colour due to dust and fumes inside the home. The net shows few holes.

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