HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender persons of color in San Francisco

Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1193-9. doi: 10.2105/ajph.94.7.1193.

Abstract

Objectives: The authors examined HIV risk behaviors among African American, Asian/Pacific Islander (API), and Latina male-to-female (MTF) transgender persons in order to improve HIV prevention programs.

Methods: Individual survey interviews with MTF transgender persons of color (n = 332; 112 African Americans, 110 Latinas, and 110 APIs) were conducted.

Results: Prevalence and correlates of receptive anal sex and unprotected receptive anal sex (URAS) varied by type of partner (primary, casual, or commercial sex partners). URAS with primary partners was associated with drug use before sex; URAS with casual partners was associated with HIV-positive status and drug use before sex; and URAS with commercial sex partners was associated with African American ethnicity and low income.

Conclusions: Findings on current risk behaviors among MTF transgender persons provided meaningful implications for HIV prevention interventions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / ethnology*
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Asian Americans / ethnology*
  • Asian Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Hispanic or Latino / ethnology*
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Needs Assessment
  • Qualitative Research
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking*
  • San Francisco / epidemiology
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology*
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • Substance-Related Disorders / ethnology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transsexualism / epidemiology
  • Transsexualism / ethnology*
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data