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Clinical Trial
. 1992 Sep;16(3):453-8.

Endovascular Infrainguinal in Situ Saphenous Vein Bypass: A Multicenter Preliminary Report

Affiliations
  • PMID: 1522649
Clinical Trial

Endovascular Infrainguinal in Situ Saphenous Vein Bypass: A Multicenter Preliminary Report

D Rosenthal et al. J Vasc Surg. .

Abstract

The ideal operative approach for infrainguinal in situ bypass grafting would render the saphenous vein (SV) valves incompetent while occluding venous tributaries from within the SV: an endovascular in situ SV bypass. Forty-six femoropopliteal-tibial in situ bypasses were performed in part by the endovascular occlusion technique. Valvulotomy was accomplished with a retrograde "cutter" valvulotome, and endoluminal cannulation of 84 SV tributaries was performed with a shape memory metal alloy (nickle-titanium), electronically steerable catheter under angioscopic surveillance. Sixty-nine SV tributaries (82%) were totally occluded and 15 (18%) were partially occluded with platinum occlusion coils. Twelve coils that "recoiled" into the SV lumen were retrieved uneventfully. The valvulotomes caused six SV perforations that were repaired without consequence. Intraoperative fluoroscopy confirmed coil placement and verified venous tributary occlusion, as well as SV graft patency. During short-term follow-up (mean 9.2 months; range 1 to 15 months), all patients have undergone ultrasonography of the in situ bypasses. All 69 of the SV tributaries that occluded initially have remained occluded and 84% (39/46) of the in situ bypasses have remained patent. This study demonstrates that an electronically steerable nitinol catheter can be used safely to occlude venous tributaries from within the SV. Endovascular occlusion of SV tributaries may ultimately obviate the need for long incisions the length of the leg, thus reducing wound-related problems and shortening recuperation.

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