A meta-analysis of predictors of positive health practices

J Nurs Scholarsh. 2004;36(2):102-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04021.x.


Purpose: To identify predictors of positive health practices from empirical studies in which the Personal Lifestyle Questionnaire was used.

Methods: Meta-analysis to determine the magnitude of the relationships between each of the predictors identified and positive health practices. Fourteen predictors of positive health practices were identified in 37 studies published since 1983; a meta-analysis was conducted on 14 predictors.

Results: Eight predictors (loneliness, social support, perceived health status, self-efficacy, future time perspective, self-esteem, hope, and depression) had moderate effect sizes, and six (stress, education, marital status, age, income, and sex) had small effect sizes.

Conclusions: Findings enable health care professionals and researchers designing intervention studies to use the strongest predictors identified in this meta-analysis to promote positive health practices.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Depression / psychology
  • Effect Modifier, Epidemiologic
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Loneliness
  • Male
  • Morale
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Research Design
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Care* / methods
  • Self Care* / psychology
  • Self Concept
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires