Antioxidant efficacy of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and piperine in rats with high fat diet induced oxidative stress

Redox Rep. 2004;9(2):105-10. doi: 10.1179/135100004225004742.


The present study was aimed to explore the effect of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) on tissue lipid peroxidation, enzymic and non-enzymic antioxidants in rats fed a high-fat diet. Thirty male Wistar rats (95-115 g) were divided into 5 groups. They were fed standard pellet diet, high-fat diet (20% coconut oil, 2% cholesterol and 0.125% bile salts), high-fat diet plus black pepper (0.25 g or 0.5 g/kg body weight), high-fat diet plus piperine (0.02 g/kg body weight) for a period of 10 weeks. Significantly elevated levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), conjugated dienes (CD) and significantly lowered activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in the liver, heart, kidney, intestine and aorta were observed in rats fed the high fat diet as compared to the control rats. Simultaneous supplementation with black pepper or piperine lowered TBARS and CD levels and maintained SOD, CAT, GPx, GST, and GSH levels to near those of control rats. The data indicate that supplementation with black pepper or the active principle of black pepper, piperine, can reduce high-fat diet induced oxidative stress to the cells.

MeSH terms

  • Alkaloids / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Aorta / enzymology
  • Benzodioxoles
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism
  • Heart / physiology
  • Intestines / enzymology
  • Kidney / enzymology
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Piper nigrum / chemistry*
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Polyunsaturated Alkamides
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances / metabolism


  • Alkaloids
  • Antioxidants
  • Benzodioxoles
  • Dietary Fats
  • Piperidines
  • Polyunsaturated Alkamides
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Glutathione
  • piperine