Biological effects of human gastrin I and II chemically modified at the C-terminal tetrapeptide amide

Peptides. 1992 May-Jun;13(3):519-25. doi: 10.1016/0196-9781(92)90083-f.


Binding to gastrin receptors and gastric acid secretion experiments were performed with gastrin derivatives modified at the C-terminal tetrapeptide amide from HG-13 sequence. 1. When the ultimate phenylalanine amide was replaced by a phenethylester or a phenetylamide moiety, the resulting compound bound to gastrin receptors (Kd approximately 10 nM) and exhibited antagonist activity on gastrin-induced acid secretion in the anesthetized rat. 2. Changing the peptide bond between Trp and Leu residues to a -omega(CH2-NH)- bond resulted in a compound which also bound to gastrin receptors (Kd approximately 10 nM) but presented agonist activity on acid secretion in the rat. In contrast, when the peptide bond between Leu and Asp residues was replaced by a -omega(CH2-NH)- bond, the resulting compound was devoid of any affinity for gastrin receptor (Kd greater than 10(-6) M) and of any biological activity. 3. The HG-13 derivatives were synthesized in sulfated and unsulfated forms: O-sulfation of the HG-13 tyrosine residue did not change its intrinsic in vivo activity but enhanced its affinity for gastrin receptors (Kd approximately 0.3 nM). On the contrary, O-sulfation of the various chemically modified HG-13 had no significant effect in either in vitro or in vivo experiments. 4. Finally, no significant difference between binding on parietal (F3) and nonparietal (F1) cells was observed, in agreement with the presence of a gastrin-type receptor in these two cell populations.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gastric Acid / metabolism
  • Gastrins / chemistry
  • Gastrins / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / drug effects
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / metabolism*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Rabbits
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / metabolism*
  • Sincalide / metabolism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Gastrins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Sincalide