Sea surface temperature 1871-2099 in 14 cells around the United Kingdom

Mar Pollut Bull. 2004 Jul;49(1-2):12-6. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.05.011.


Monthly sea surface temperature is provided for 14 locations around the UK for a 230 year period. These series are derived from the HadISST1 data set for historical time (1871-1999) and from the HadCM3 climate model for predicted SST (1950-2099). Two adjustments of the forecast data sets are needed to produce confluent SST series: the 50 year overlap is used for a gross adjustment, and a statistical scaling on the forecast data ensures that annual variations in forecast data match those of historical data. These monthly SST series are available on request. The overall rise in SST over time is clear for all sites, commencing in the last quarter of the 20th century. Apart from expected trends of overall warmer mean SST with more southerly latitudes and overall cooler mean SST towards the East, more interesting statistically significant general trends include a greater decadal rate of rise from warmer starting conditions. Annual temperature variation is not affected by absolute temperature, but is markedly greater towards the East. There is no correlation of annual range of SST with latitude, or with present SST values.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Climate
  • Environmental Monitoring / history*
  • Greenhouse Effect*
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Seawater
  • Temperature*
  • United Kingdom