Can post-adenotonsillectomy morbidity be reduced by intravenous 24 h hydration in pediatric patients following adenotonsillectomy?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2004 Aug;68(8):1047-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2004.03.012.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the benefit of 24 h intravenous hydration for pediatric postoperative adenotonsillectomy patients.

Study design: A prospective, randomized controlled clinical study.

Methods: The study is consisting of two groups of pediatric patients following adenotonsillectomy performed in a university hospital. One group received 24 h IV hydration at hospital while the other did not have IV hydration. Chi-square and two-tailed unpaired Student's t-tests were used to compare the two independent groups. P < 0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.

Results: Although the postoperative parameters such as nausea, fever, vomiting, odor, bleeding, otalgia and trismus were not statistically different between the two groups based on chi-square analysis (P > 0.05), a significant pain-relieving effect was seen in hydration group after the second day (P < 0.05). There were no complications associated with intravenous hydration.

Conclusion: Results of the current study suggest that 24 h IV hydration can reduce postoperative pain in late postoperative period following adenotonsillectomy in children but does not offer much advantage over without IV hydration therapy based on a number of other parameters. Furthermore, it seems to be cost effective, safe and easy and even these are encouraging for further studies in the future.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adenoidectomy / adverse effects*
  • Adolescent
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Fluid Therapy / methods*
  • Glucose / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Pain, Postoperative / epidemiology
  • Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage
  • Tonsillectomy / adverse effects*

Substances

  • Sweetening Agents
  • Glucose