Background: Very little is known about how different sets of risk factors interact to influence risk for psychiatric disorder.
Objective: To replicate a recent report of a genotype-environment interaction that predicts risk for antisocial behavior in boys.
Design: Characterizing risk for conduct disorder in boys in association with monoamine oxidase A genotype and exposure to familial adversity, defined by interparental violence, parental neglect, and inconsistent discipline.
Setting: A community-based sample of twin boys.
Participants: Five hundred fourteen male twins aged 8 to 17 years.
Main outcome measure: Conduct disorder.
Results: There was a main effect of adversity but not of monoamine oxidase A on risk for conduct disorder. Low monoamine oxidase A activity increased risk for conduct disorder only in the presence of an adverse childhood environment. Neither a passive nor an evocative genotype-environment correlation accounted for the interaction.
Conclusion: This study replicates a recent report of a genotype-environment interaction that predicts individual variation in risk for antisocial behavior in boys.