Fungal Flora of the Healthy Camelid Conjunctival Sac

Am J Vet Res. 1992 May;53(5):643-5.


Swab specimens for fungal isolation were collected from the healthy conjunctival sacs of 3 species of captive camelids (Lama glama, L guanicoe, L pacos) and llama-guanaco hybrids. Fungi were collected from over half the animals in winter (53%) and summer (56%). Fungal species of 10 genera were isolated. In both seasons, Aspergillus was the most commonly isolated genus; at least 9 species of Aspergillus were found. The fungal organisms isolated were similar to those found in healthy eyes of other domestic animals and may represent a random seeding from the environment where they are ubiquitous.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aspergillus / isolation & purification
  • Camelids, New World / microbiology*
  • Conjunctiva / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Fungi / isolation & purification*
  • Fusarium / isolation & purification
  • Male
  • Midwestern United States
  • Mitosporic Fungi / isolation & purification
  • Penicillium / isolation & purification
  • Reference Values
  • Seasons