No significant decrease in antibiotic use from 1992 to 2000, in the French community

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Aug;54(2):524-8. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkh342. Epub 2004 Jul 8.


Objectives: To analyse trends in antibiotic exposure of the French population from 1992 to 2000.

Methods: The analysis used data provided by a representative annual nationwide survey of health care consumption in the community.

Results: The frequency of antibiotic use increased from 4.7 per 100 person-months in 1992 to 7.3 in 1995, and remained stable from 1998 to 2000. Children under 7 years of age were three times more strongly exposed to antibiotics than older subjects. Respiratory tract infections of probable viral aetiology and sore throat accounted for >50% of antibacterial prescriptions.

Conclusions: We identified two major priorities for campaigns designed to reduce antibiotic exposure of the French population in the community, namely respiratory tract infections of presumed viral origin, and children under 7 years of age.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Data Collection
  • Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data
  • Drug Utilization / trends
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • National Health Programs
  • Pharyngitis / drug therapy
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / drug therapy
  • Seasons


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents