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. 2004 Aug 1;190(3):430-8.
doi: 10.1086/422256. Epub 2004 Jun 25.

Immune Responses in Human Necatoriasis: Association Between interleukin-5 Responses and Resistance to Reinfection

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Immune Responses in Human Necatoriasis: Association Between interleukin-5 Responses and Resistance to Reinfection

Rupert J Quinnell et al. J Infect Dis. .
Free article

Abstract

Cytokine and proliferative responses to Necator americanus infection were measured in a treatment-reinfection study of infected subjects from an area of Papua New Guinea where N. americanus is highly endemic. Before treatment, most subjects produced detectable interleukin (IL)-4 (97%), IL-5 (86%), and interferon (IFN)- gamma (64%) in response to adult N. americanus antigen. Pretreatment IFN- gamma responses were negatively associated with hookworm burden, decreasing by 18 pg/mL for each increase of 1000 eggs/gram (epg) (n=75; P<.01). Mean IFN- gamma responses increased significantly after anthelmintic treatment, from 166 to 322 pg/mL (n=42; P<.01). The intensity of reinfection was significantly negatively correlated with pretreatment IL-5 responses, decreasing by 551 epg for each 100 pg/mL increase in production of IL-5 (n=51; P<.01). These data indicate that there is a mixed cytokine response in necatoriasis, with worm burden-associated suppression of IFN- gamma responses to adult N. americanus antigen. Resistance to reinfection is associated with the parasite-specific IL-5 response.

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