The actin cytoskeleton is a vital component of several key cellular and developmental processes in eukaryotes. Many proteins that interact with filamentous and/or monomeric actin regulate the structure and dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton. Actin-filament-binding proteins control the nucleation, assembly, disassembly and crosslinking of actin filaments, whereas actin-monomer-binding proteins regulate the size, localization and dynamics of the large pool of unpolymerized actin in cells. In this article, we focus on recent advances in understanding how the six evolutionarily conserved actin-monomer-binding proteins - profilin, ADF/cofilin, twinfilin, Srv2/CAP, WASP/WAVE and verprolin/WIP - interact with actin monomers and regulate their incorporation into filament ends. We also present a model of how, together, these ubiquitous actin-monomer-binding proteins contribute to cytoskeletal dynamics and actin-dependent cellular processes.