The molecular coupling of CAS and Crk in response to integrin activation is an evolutionary conserved signaling module that controls cell proliferation, survival and migration. However, when deregulated, CAS/Crk signaling also contributes to cancer progression and developmental defects in humans. Here we highlight recent advances in our understanding of how CAS/Crk complexes assemble in cells to modulate the actin cytoskeleton, and the molecular mechanisms that regulate this process. We discuss in detail the spatiotemporal dynamics of CAS/Crk assembly and how this scaffold recruits specific effector proteins that couple integrin signaling networks to the migration machinery of cells. We also highlight the importance of CAS/Crk signaling in the dual regulation of cell migration and survival mechanisms that operate in invasive cells during development and pathological conditions associated with cancer metastasis.