Focal adhesion regulation of cell behavior

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Jul 5;1692(2-3):103-19. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2004.04.007.

Abstract

Focal adhesions lie at the convergence of integrin adhesion, signaling and the actin cytoskeleton. Cells modify focal adhesions in response to changes in the molecular composition, two-dimensional (2D) vs. three-dimensional (3D) structure, and physical forces present in their extracellular matrix environment. We consider here how cells use focal adhesions to regulate signaling complexes and integrin function. Furthermore, we examine how this regulation controls complex cellular behaviors in response to matrices of diverse physical and biochemical properties. One event regulated by the physical structure of the ECM is phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) at Y397, which couples FAK to several signaling pathways that regulate cell proliferation, survival, migration, and invasion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Movement / physiology*
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Focal Adhesions / chemistry
  • Focal Adhesions / physiology*
  • Integrins / genetics
  • Integrins / physiology*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Pseudopodia / chemistry
  • Pseudopodia / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein / metabolism

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Integrins
  • CDC42EP1 protein, human
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein