In Parkinson's disease (PD), degeneration of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway leads to enhanced transmission at NMDA receptors containing NR2B subunits. Previous studies have shown that some, but not all, NR2B-containing NMDA receptor antagonists alleviate parkinsonian symptoms in animal models of PD. Furthermore, enhanced NMDA receptor-mediated transmission underlies the generation of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). The subunit content of NMDA receptors responsible for LID is not clear. Here, we assess the actions of the NMDA antagonist CP-101,606 in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned marmoset model of Parkinson's disease. CP-101,606 is selective for NMDA receptors containing NR2B subunits, with higher affinity for NR1/NR2B complexes compared to ternary NR1/NR2A/NR2B complexes. CP-101,606 had no significant effect on parkinsonian symptoms when administered as monotherapy over a range of doses (0.1-10 mg/kg). CP-101,606 provided a modest potentiation of the anti-parkinsonian actions of L-DOPA (8 mg/kg), although, at doses of 1 and 3 mg/kg, CP-101,606 exacerbated LID. Results of this study provide further evidence of differences in the anti-parkinsonian activity and effects on LID of the NR2B subunit selective NMDA receptor antagonists. These distinctions may reflect disparities in action on NR1/NR2B as opposed to NR1/NR2A/NR2B receptors.